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By Associated Press, 8/11/2002 19:36 OSLO, Norway (AP) Kristen Nygaard, a pioneer in developing the Simula programming language that laid the foundation for Java, C++ and others, has died. He was 75.

Kristen Nygaard

Kristen Nygaard was born in 1926 in Oslo, Norway. At the age of 22, in 1948, be began working full time at the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment. He married Johanna Nygaard in 1951.

He received a Master's degree in Mathematics from the University of Oslo in 1956. His thesis about the abstract probability theory was titled "Theoretical Aspects of Monte Carlo Methods". Kristen Nygaard continued working for the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment (in computing and programming 1948-1954, and in operational research 1952-1960, and was head of the first operational research groups in the Norwegian defense - 1957-1960). He was Cofounder and first Chairman of the Norwegian Opeational Research Society (1959-1964).

Between 1961-1965, Kristen Nygaard and Ole-Johan Dahl developed SIMULA I and SIMULA 67 - the first object oriented programming languages, introducting the concepts upon which all later oOP langaugaes are built: Objects, classes, inheritance, virtual quantities and multi-threaded (quasi-parallel) program execution.1

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